The UN-REDD Programme is pleased to present its 2022 Annual Report, showcasing the remarkable progress made in its mission to support developing countries in their efforts to reduce emissions from deforestation and forest degradation and to promote sustainable forest management. The report provides an overview of the Programme’s activities and results achieved in 2022, highlighting its contributions to climate action, biodiversity conservation and sustainable development.
UN-REDD continues to help countries fully realize the mitigation potential of forest solutions to the climate emergency by avoiding carbon emissions and fostering carbon sequestration at levels of at least 5 GtCO2e per year by 2030. Within the scope of this ambition, the UN-REDD results framework for the period 2021-2025 was adopted, aiming to support countries in implementing and enhancing forest solutions to the climate emergency. UN-REDD has sharpened its focus to assist countries in accessing performance-based finance schemes for REDD+ results, including carbon markets (under Article 6 of the Paris Agreement) by supporting them to meet standards of high environmental integrity and to further advance their efforts to deliver results. The results framework aligns UN-REDD with the major international development undertakings in the coming decade as the Paris Agreement enters full implementation and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are realized.
In 2022, the world faced a critical juncture in the fight against climate change and biodiversity loss. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) released its Sixth Assessment Report, with a warning that global warming is accelerating, and the effects are already irreversible. The 2022 UNEP Emissions Gap Report revealed that the world is on track for a temperature rise of over 2.7 degrees above pre-industrial levels by the end of the century, well above the Paris Agreement target of limiting warming to 1.5 degrees. The 2022 UN Biodiversity Conference adopted the Global Biodiversity Framework, which sets ambitious targets for the protection and restoration of biodiversity, including forests, by 2030. The fifth session of the United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) delivered a universal definition of Nature-based Solutions. Momentum for forests continued at the World Forestry Congress in Korea, with the European Union’s regulation on deforestation-free trade, and finally to the UNFCCC COP27 where governments came together to accelerate action towards achieving the goals of the Paris Agreement and UN-REDD’s Making Good on the Glasgow Climate Pact paper was launched.
Against this backdrop, the UN-REDD Programme has continued to play a leading role in ramping up action for forests and nature. The Programme made significant strides in strengthening the technical capacities of partner countries to implement REDD+ activities, mobilizing financial resources for REDD+ initiatives and promoting stakeholder engagement and participation in REDD+ activities.
The Programme continued to expand its impact by working with a growing number of partner countries. UN-REDD has 65 partner countries, including 23 in Africa, 20 in Asia-Pacific, and 22 in Latin America and the Caribbean, providing direct technical assistance and capacity building to 25 countries to helping them to develop and implement national REDD+ strategies and action plans. The Programme also launched several initiatives aimed at promoting the adoption of sustainable land-use practices and reducing emissions from the agriculture and land-use sectors by working closely with partner countries to strengthen their capacities to access and mobilize climate finance, including through the Green Climate Fund and other multilateral funds.
UN-REDD assists partner countries in their efforts to complete the four pillars of the Warsaw Framework for REDD+, a requirement for results-based finance. Adopted in 2013, the Warsaw Framework outlines four areas of REDD+ readiness: national REDD+ strategies or action plans (NS/AP), national forest monitoring systems (NFMS), forest reference emissions levels/forest reference levels (FREL/FRL), and Safeguards Information Systems (SIS).
Highlights of support to countries are presented below for each of the four outcomes of the UN-REDD 2021-2025 Results Framework.